According to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO), as of the end of October, the average world temperature was 1.1 degrees Celsius higher than at the end of the pre-industrial era and at the end of the 18th century. Therefore, 2019 will be the second or third year ever since records of the world temperature have been kept.
“If we don’t take urgent measures on climate, we will move to world temperature increase of more than three degrees by the end of the century,” said Petteri Taalas, Secretary General of the organization.
The organization also confirmed that last year the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reached a record level and continues to grow this year. According to the WMO, ocean water temperatures also reached record levels.
What are next steps?
At the Climate Conference, which is being held in Madrid, there are plans to discuss the implementation of the conditions as set out in the Paris Climate Agreement which was signed in 2015 by 196 countries in total. Under this agreement, states must provide $100 billion to developing countries to address climate issues.
This agreement obliges the countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% by 2025, in comparison with the levels in 2005.