The resolution, approved by 429 votes to 225, calls on the European Commission to develop appropriate legislative and budgetary proposals in order to limit global warming to below 1.5 °C.
MEP Pascal Canfin, who initiated the move, said it made Europe “the first continent to declare a climate and environmental emergency”.
In a separate resolution, the European Parliament calls on the EU to present its strategy on climate neutrality as soon as possible. MEPs are also calling on the new President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, to include a target of 55% greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 in the European green agreement.
The European Commission has already proposed a target to reach zero emissions by 2050, but the European Council has not yet approved it, due to Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic oppose.